Kidney disease may be hereditary, congenital or acquired. It often exhibits symptoms that include the need to urinate more or less often.
Those suffering from kidney disease may experience:
- loss of appetite
- nausea and vomiting
- swelling or numbness of the hands or feet
- abnormal drowsiness
- trouble concentrating
- darkened skin
- muscle cramps
- lumbar pain
- blood in the urine
- change in size of the kidney
- tenderness and swelling in the kidney area
Chronic kidney inflammation, known as glomerulonephritis can also lead to end-stage kidney disease (also known as kidney/renal failure).
When the kidneys fail, the body generally fills with extra water and waste products. This condition is known as uremia. Untreated uremia may lead to seizures or coma and can ultimately result in death. If the kidneys stop working completely, the patient will need to undergo dialysis which will eliminate both waste and excess chemicals from the body or a kidney transplantation.
A kidney transplant helps return the body to its normal function and eliminates the need for dialysis.